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Understanding Basic Swimming Skills

Swimming is a type of aerobic sport focusing on the heart, lungs, and muscles. It is a low-impact sport, which means that it doesn’t exert pressure on your joints and allows free-flowing movement. Compared to other strenuous sports that require an advanced level of training and skills, swimming is easy and convenient. It’s also easy to practice, and you don’t need to set up a proper training place. Most people have pools in their indoor and outdoor living spaces. This makes it easier for them to swim, any time they want.

Learning swimming is easy and convenient. You only need to learn a few basic strokes and forms of movement. A good swimming trainer can help you with that and you can schedule your training session at your convenience.

There are ample pool builders who can construct a pool on your personal property at reasonable rates. You can check out affordable pool builders in Sterling, Virginia. As far as the trainer is concerned, you can look up reliable and top-notch swimming trainers online.

In this post, we are going to learn about the basics of swimming skills, including important strokes, swimming styles, and types of motion used in swimming.

Basic Swimming Skills You Need to Learn

Swimming is easy to learn, but there are various basic skills that you need to understand and practice. Professional swimmers spend hours mastering these basic skills. If you aim to become a competitive swimmer, have a look at the following swimming skills we have listed and discussed below.

Ability to Regulate Breathing  

Swimming improves breathing endurance. Holding breaths during swimming trains your lungs to hold oxygen for a longer duration. Results from a study showed that swimmers’ lungs can hold a large volume of air for an extended time. This endurance improves more with practice. If you want to be a competitive swimmer, you need to practice breathing techniques that can help you hold your breath. Developing this skill is essential to prevent breathlessness underwater.

A swimmer underwater

If you struggle with breathing-related disorders like asthma that compromise your ability to breathe properly, then consult your doctor before swimming. Although swimming works wonders for asthma patients sometimes, chemicals in the pools can trigger attacks.

Fewer Breaths is the Key

Swimming builds breathing endurance. When you swim, your body consumes needs a consistent supply of oxygen. This can only happen by expanding your lung’s oxygen storage capacity. Most swimmers are able to do so with consistent practice.

Your Diving Style

The way you dive during a swimming session is crucial, especially during swimming races. During short races, go for deep diving, as it will help you cover maximum pool distance. The duration and depth of your dive are also dependent on your strokes.

Flip Turning

A flip turn is the process of changing direction in the pool to keep swimming. Flip turning varies depending upon the type of stroke. If you are practicing freestyle or backstroke, you will have to do a full somersault to take a turn. Whereas, for the butterfly stroke or the breaststroke, an open turn will do. Mastering flip turning is an important way to become a fast swimmer. It will also increase your endurance and make you an efficient swimmer.

Practice Your Kicking Skills

In swimming, a kick is the thrust-like movement of your leg. To be a good swimmer, you should coordinate your upper body movement with your lower body. Doing so will ensure stability and help you improve your posture. A good kicking technique helps with strokes. Most swimmers remain focused on the use of their arms during swimming, but leg movement is equally important. Therefore, you should put equal effort into mastering your kicking techniques.

What Are The Basic Strokes Used In Swimming?

There are four main strokes used in swimming—the backstroke, butterfly stroke, breaststroke, and freestyle.


  • During the breaststroke, you float on water with your face immersed in the water. You are required to stretch your body while keeping your hands together.
  • There are more chances of breathing during a breaststroke.
  • To perfect it, stretch your legs as much as you can and make sure to keep your head in the water while stretching your arms in front continuously.


  • During a backstroke, a swimmer floats with his ears in the water and face directed upwards. You have to keep stretching your legs.
  • You have to keep your stretched at the sides of your body while making arc-like movements to continue swimming.
  • Backstrokes allow constant access to air, so it’s easier to breathe.

Butterfly Stroke

  • The butterfly stroke is known for its toughness as the swimmer has to propel themselves in a forward direction using their arms.
  • It requires immense muscular strength and quick arm movements.
  • The swimmer has to occupy the width of a full lane with stretched arms throughout.

Freestyle Strokes 

  • This a fast-paced stroke, involving a lot of kicking to keep moving forward
  • You need to stretch your legs as much as you can with toes pointed.
  • Since it’s fast so there are high chances of muscle fatigue, especially lower body muscles.

A modern indoor swimming pool

Now that you have all the important information lined in front of you, you must need a swimming pool to get started. If that’s the case, our expert pool designers at Perfect Pools are at your service. Whether you’re a rookie swimmer or a professional one, we have the latest pool designs available to choose from. You can have a look at our pool designs for some design inspiration. Rest assured our professional swimming pool designers can construct a swimming pool based on your needs.

Get in touch with the best pool designers to book an appointment.

About the Author  

The author of this post has 25 years of extensive experience in swimming and regularly contributes to Perfect Pools’ blog. He also teaches swimming to beginners and coaches them to become better swimmers.

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